Discovery challenges (ages 10-14)


Typically completed by 10-14 year olds (Key Stages 2 and 3), students work collaboratively on a five hour project or challenge in self-managed groups. They record and reflect on their work during the project, using a CREST Discovery passport, and communicate their findings as a group presentation.
Each pack below provides teaching guides, kit lists, example timetables and suggested starter activities to help you run your day. Find out more about this level on the Discovery page .

There are many more CREST resources which have been developed by our partners and by providers in your region. Click here for links to CREST accredited resources developed by partner organisations, CREST accredited schemes and education providers who can deliver CREST accredited activities.

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Coding Fact file: Logic

Coding Fact file: Logic statements A task can be broken down into different steps. To begin thinking about transforming your description into a program, you can re-write the steps using logic statements. There are different actions that a program will perform that will depend on what is happening. For example below we want to make enough jam sandwiches for two people and then stop. By using logic statements we can think about how a program will work. Statement Description AND To move onto the next step, both conditions must exist. OR One or the other condition must be satisfied to move on. IF THEN ELSE This tests if a condition exists and tells us what to do if it does. END Finish. For example, you want to make enough jam sandwiches for two people. This could be written as: IF the number of jam sandwiches

Nanotechnology Fact file: Medicine The potential for using in nanotechnology in medicine is very broad. Many of the examples discussed in this article are at an early stage of research and have not been approved for use yet. There are many other applications in medicine currently being investigated. Medical sensors During diagnosis or treatment, patients are monitored in all sorts of different ways. This can include checking heart rate and blood pressure and often the monitoring has to be carried out by a doctor or nurse. Nanotechnology could mean that hospitals can gather information about a patient without having to use lots of uncomfortable procedures. Instead of taking blood samples from patients or asking them to wear a heart rate monitor, for example, a very small implant could be used to monitor a patient. Cancer treatment When it comes to the treatment of cancer, nanotechnology can be used to make molecules (groups of atoms) that directly attack the cancerous cells. These types of molecules are called peptides and are used along with radioisotopes produced by companies like URENCO. Radiation is commonly used to treat cancer but this type of treatment is on a very small scale, which means that healthy tissue surrounding the cancer cells is less likely to be damaged. Imaging Visits to a hospital can often mean an X-ray, ultrasound or MRI scan. These give general pictures of the bone, brain or another part of your body. The details in these pictures can be interpreted by radiographers, doctors and nurses. However, nanotechnology could be used to highlight specific molecules or cancerous tissue in these scans, and could speed up and increase detection rates of cancer. This would be achieved by injecting specially designed nanoparticles into the body before a scan. These would then search out and attach themselves to a tumour.