Typically completed by 10-14 year olds, students work collaboratively on a five hour project or challenge in self-managed groups. During the project, they use a CREST Discovery passport to record and reflect on their work. Afterwards, students communicate their findings as a group presentation.
Each pack provides teaching guides, kit lists, example timetables and suggested starter activities to help you run your day. Find out more about CREST Discovery Awards.
6 Case Study: School children ‘stopped the spread’ in Kenya Life in Mukuru Mukuru is one of the largest slums in Nairobi, the capital of Kenya with a population of over 500,000 people. Most people living in Mukuru live in one-room houses made from corrugated iron sheets. The water and sanitation facilities in Mukuru are very scarce. A recent survey found that only 11% of families had access to their own household toilet and that the majority of people used a community toilet, often shared with up to 1,000 other people. Hand washing facilities are even scarcer leading to poor hygiene and the spread of diseases such as cholera. Watch this video about the cholera outbreak in Mukuru: www.youtube.com/ watch?v=Rv7hITWp0zI Improving health and hygiene In 2007, a project organised by the development charity Practical Action and Nairobi’s City and Water and Sewerage Company was set up to improve the health of people living in Mukuru. The project aimed to: • improve the water supply and build new toilet blocks and washing facilities • deliver training for a health campaign to promote good hygiene practice. The health campaign The health campaign targeted over 2,500 young women and 4,000 school children living in Mukuru. The main messages were around the proper use of toilets and the importance of hand washing after a toilet visit. In the eight schools that were targeted, the trainers used the Childto-Child approach. This method is based around children gaining understanding of the main health issues that affect their community then develop their own ways of sharing the health messages to encourage other children and their families to take action. The school children involved in the Child-to-Child training developed a range of creative ways to communicate their health messages including the use puppets and developing songs, plays and posters. The children involved in the project continue to wash their hands to prevent the spread of disease. The challenge now is to reach more people in Mukuru with similar projects. Find out more about Practical Action’s Water and Sanitation Projects www.practicalaction.org/water-and-sanitation
7 Info Sheet: Why Sanitation Matters © UN Photo / Kibae Park CLEAN WATER AND SANITATION: WHY IT MATTERS What’s the goal here? To ensure access to safe water sources and sanitation for all. Why? Access to water, sanitation and hygiene is a human right, yet billions are still faced with daily challenges accessing even the most basic of services. Around 1.8 billion people globally use a source of drinking water that is fecally contaminated. Some 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines. Water scarcity affects more than 40 per cent of the global population and is projected to rise. More than 80 per cent of wastewater resulting from human activities is discharged into rivers or sea without any treatment, leading to pollution. Water scarcity affects more than 4 0 percent of the global population and is projected to rise.