Typically completed by 10-14 year olds, students work collaboratively on a five hour project or challenge in self-managed groups. During the project, they use a CREST Discovery passport to record and reflect on their work. Afterwards, students communicate their findings as a group presentation.
Each pack provides teaching guides, kit lists, example timetables and suggested starter activities to help you run your day. Find out more about CREST Discovery Awards.
Contents 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Introduction Teacher guidelines Kit List Example timetable Guide to starter activities CREST Discovery Award: assessment criteria Cards for Starter Activity 1 Managed by: Supported by:
1 Introduction This resource will guide you to deliver a hands-on enquiry based STEM project, challenging your students to find a real solution to a global problem. The focus of the Stop the Spread challenge is on improving hygiene as a way of reducing the spread of infectious diseases. For this challenge, pupils will work in teams to build a model of a hand washing device and produce education materials suitable for primary school children in Kenya. The Stop the Spread challenge is designed to be run as a Discovery Day, enabling participating students to achieve a CREST Award - but is flexible enough to be carried out during lessons, in STEM clubs, transition, or as a collapsed curriculum day. In total, the Stop the Spread challenge will take between 3-5 hours to complete. The Guide to timings is based on the challenge taking place in one five-hour day. Background: infectious diseases Infectious diseases cause death and illness to millions of people each year in the developing world. Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. They can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. The focus of this challenge is on improving hygiene as a way of reducing the spread of infectious diseases. It is important that pupils understand this is just one of the methods of prevention. The need for better sanitation in developing countries is clear. Forty percent of the world’s population—2.5 billion people—practice open defecation or lack adequate sanitation facilities. Poor sanitation contributes to about 700,000 child deaths from diarrhoea each year. Chronic diarrhoea can hinder child development by impeding the absorption of essential nutrients and reducing the effectiveness of lifesaving vaccines. Creating sanitation infrastructure that works for everyone is a major challenge. The toilets, sewers, and wastewater treatment systems used in developed countries require vast amounts of land, energy, and water, and they are expensive to build, maintain and operate. Existing alternatives that are less expensive are often unappealing because they don’t kill disease-causing pathogens, have impractical designs, or retain odours and attract insects. To find out more about what is being done to tackle this challenge go to: www.gatesfoundation.org/What- We-Do/Global-Development/Water- Sanitation-and-Hygiene In 2015 the UN set out 17 Global Goals (also called the Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs). These aim to end global poverty by 2030. The following global goals are linked to preventing the spread of infectious diseases. Global Goal 3 - Health and Well-being - One of the targets is: By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases. Global Goal 6 – Water and Sanitation – One of the targets is: By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation. For information form the UN on global goals including facts, figures and targets go to: www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/ sustainable-development-goals/